Controlled release of doxorubicin from electrospun PEO/chitosan/graphene oxide nanocomposite nanofibrous scaffolds

Ardeshirzadeh, B ; Sharif University of Technology | 2015

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.msec.2014.12.039
  3. Publisher: Elsevier Ltd , 2015
  4. Abstract:
  5. Polyethylene oxide (PEO)/chitosan (CS)/graphene oxide (GO) electrospun nanofibrous scaffolds were successfully developed via electrospinning process for controlled release of doxorubicin (DOX). The SEM analysis of nanofibrous scaffolds with different contents of GO (0.1, 0.2, 0.5 and 0.7 wt.%) indicated that the minimum diameter of nanofibers was found to be 85 nm for PEO/CS/GO 0.5% nanofibers. The π-π stacking interaction between DOX and GO with fine pores of nanofibrous scaffolds exhibited higher drug loading (98%) and controlled release of the DOX loaded PEO/CS/GO nanofibers. The results of DOX release from nanofibrous scaffolds at pH 5.3 and 7.4 indicated strong pH dependence. The hydrogen bonding interaction between GO and DOX could be unstable under acidic conditions which resulted in faster drug release rate in pH 5.3. The cell viability results indicated that DOX loaded PEO/CS/GO/DOX nanofibrous scaffold could be used as an alternative source of DOX compared with free DOX to avoid the side effects of free DOX. Thus, the prepared nanofibrous scaffold offers as a novel formulation for treatment of lung cancer
  6. Keywords:
  7. Controlled drug release ; Doxorubicin ; Graphene oxide ; Nanofibrous scaffold ; Drug interactions ; Graphene ; Hydrogen bonds ; Loading ; Polyethylene oxides ; Scaffolds (biology) ; Cell viability ; Antineoplastic antibiotic ; Macrogol derivative ; Nanocomposite ; Chemistry ; Delayed release formulation ; Drug screening ; Metabolism ; Pathology ; Tumor cell line ; Antibiotics, Antineoplastic ; Cell Line, Tumor ; Chitosan ; Delayed-Action Preparations ; Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor ; Graphite ; Humans ; Lung Neoplasms ; Nanocomposites ; Nanofibers ; Polyethylene Glycols
  8. Source: Materials Science and Engineering C ; Volume 48 , March , 2015 , Pages 384-390 ; 09284931 (ISSN)
  9. URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0928493114008376