The influence of pulse plating parameters on the electrocodeposition of Ni-TiO2 nanocomposite single layer and multilayer structures on copper substrates

Mohajeri, S ; Sharif University of Technology | 2015

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2014.12.042
  3. Publisher: Elsevier , 2015
  4. Abstract:
  5. The electrocodeposition of Ni-TiO2 nanocomposite single layers and Ni-TiO2/TiO2 multilayers from a Watts bath containing a TiO2 sol on copper substrates was investigated by different deposition techniques. Compared with direct current (DC) deposition, both pulse plating (PP) and pulse reverse plating (PRP) facilitated higher incorporations of TiO2 nanoparticles. Morphological studies conducted by scanning electron microscopy and field emission scanning electron microscopy revealed that the microstructure of the Ni-TiO2 nanocomposite coatings are affected both by pulse potentials and durations, indicating that higher incorporations of TiO2 nanoparticles refine the microstructure. The results of the morphological studies also confirmed the formation of a multilayer structure consisting of Ni-TiO2 and TiO2-rich layers by limiting the nickel deposition through a diffusion control mechanism. The structures of the nanocomposite coatings were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The preferred orientations and crystallite sizes of the Ni matrices with face-centered cubic structures were influenced by the PP and PRP parameters. Furthermore, the XRD results confirmed the presence of an anatase phase in the nanocomposite coatings after 3h of heat treatment at 450°C and the formation of crystalline NiO was developed by PRP. The corrosion behaviors of the coatings in 1M NaCl and 0.5M H2SO4 electrolytes were compared by means of potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy techniques. Increases in corrosion resistance and passivation tendency were favored by TiO2 incorporation, and the multilayers exhibited the highest corrosion resistance compared to all of the Ni-TiO2 nanocomposite single layers and the pure Ni coating
  6. Keywords:
  7. Multilayer ; Ni-TiO2 ; Pulse plating ; Coatings ; Copper ; Corrosion ; Corrosion resistance ; Deposition ; Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy ; Electrodeposition ; Electron emission ; Electron microscopy ; Field emission microscopes ; Microstructure ; Morphology ; Multilayers ; Nanocomposites ; Nanoparticles ; Nickel ; Plating ; Scanning electron microscopy ; Sols ; X ray diffraction ; Diffusion control mechanisms ; Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy techniques ; Face centered cubic structure ; Field emission scanning electron microscopy ; Nano-composite coating ; Preferred orientations ; TiO ; Titanium dioxide
  8. Source: Surface and Coatings Technology ; Volume 262 , 2015 , Pages 173-183 ; 02578972 (ISSN)
  9. URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0257897214011864