Heat transfer enhancement in shell-and-tube heat exchangers using porous media

Esmaeili Rad, S ; Sharif University of Technology | 2015

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1080/01457632.2014.916155
  3. Publisher: Taylor and Francis Ltd , 2015
  4. Abstract:
  5. A numerical simulation has been carried out to investigate the heat transfer enhancement in a shell-and-tube heat exchanger using a porous medium inside its shell and tubes, separately. A three-dimensional geometry with k-ε turbulent model is used to predict the heat transfer and pressure drop characteristics of the flow. The effects of porosity and dimensions of these media on the heat exchanger's thermal performance and pressure drop are analyzed. Inside the shell, the entire tube bundle is wrapped by the porous medium, whereas inside the tubes the porous media are located in two different ways: (1) at the center of the tubes, and (2) attached to the inner wall of the tubes. The results showed that this method can improve the heat transfer at the expense of higher pressure drop. Evaluating the method showed that using porous media inside the shell, with particular dimension and porosity can increase the heat transfer rate better than pressure drop. Using this method inside the tubes leads to two diverse results: In the first configuration, pressure loss prevails over the heat transfer augmentation and it causes energy loss, whereas in the second configuration a great performance enhancement is observed
  6. Keywords:
  7. Heat Transfer enhancement ; Shell and tube heat exchangers
  8. Source: Heat Transfer Engineering ; Volume 36, Issue 3 , 2015 , Pages 262-277 ; 01457632 (ISSN)
  9. URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01457632.2014.916155