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Input impedance and radiation pattern of a resonant dipole embedded in a two-dimensional periodic leaky-wave structure

Bakhtafrouz, A ; Sharif University of Technology | 2015

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1049/iet-map.2015.0324
  3. Publisher: Institution of Engineering and Technology , 2015
  4. Abstract:
  5. Array scanning method (ASM) is employed to study the input impedance and radiation pattern of a two-dimensional periodic leaky-wave antenna (LWA). The antenna consists of a narrow horizontal strip dipole of arbitrary length underneath a two-dimensional (2D) periodic screen of metallic patches, which acts as a partially reflective surface (PRS), and backed by a ground plane. First, the Green's function in the presence of the 2D array of metallic patches is calculated by means of the ASM and then the current distribution and input impedance of the source dipole are calculated through the electric field integral equation and method of moments. The far-field pattern is computed using the reciprocity theorem. Compared to the Hertzian dipole, which is the only type of source that has been considered in the literature, the resonant dipole substantially improves the performance of periodic LWA in terms of radiated power, efficiency and bandwidth. Numerical results are given for a resonant dipole over the frequency range of 60-70 GHz and compared with those obtained from commercial softwares, FEKO® and Ansys HFSS®, showing an excellent agreement with considerable improvement in terms of memory usage and computational speed
  6. Keywords:
  7. Computation theory ; Directional patterns (antenna) ; Electric fields ; Electric impedance ; Electric impedance measurement ; Integral equations ; Method of moments ; Scanning antennas ; Slot antennas ; Traveling wave antennas ; Array scanning methods ; Commercial software ; Current distribution ; Electric field integral equation ; Partially reflective surface ; Periodic leaky-wave antennas ; Reciprocity theorem ; Two Dimensional (2 D) ; Periodic structures
  8. Source: IET Microwaves, Antennas and Propagation ; Volume 9, Issue 14 , 2015 , Pages 1567-1573 ; 17518725 (ISSN)
  9. URL: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7328555