Caspian Sea negotiation support system

Rouhani, O. M ; Sharif University of Technology

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1061/41114(371)277
  3. Abstract:
  4. Caspian Sea is currently a subject of one of the world's most intractable disputes, involving five coastal states of Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Turkmenistan. The conflict over the legal status of this multinational water body emerged after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Since then the parties have been negotiating without reaching an agreement on the ownerships of waters, and the oil and natural gas beneath them. Although different division methods have been suggested so far for sharing the Caspian Sea, the gains of the countries from sea area and valuable resources remain unclear as the proposed methods are either focused on the areal shares or on the oil and gas shares. In order to assist the negotiators with reaching a compromise the Caspian Sea Negotiation Support System is developed which allows for simultaneous estimation of countries' areal and utility shares under different legal methods. The developed model is run for different division scenarios to evaluate the sensitivity of the results to the proposed division rules and the Caspian Sea resources values. The results show a high sensitivity of outputs to the proposed division rules and an absence of a direct relationship between the allocated areal and utility shares, suggesting a need for clarification of the countries' utility and areal shares under any suggested legal regime for governing the Caspian Sea
  5. Keywords:
  6. Asia ; Negotiations ; Azerbaijan ; Caspian Sea ; Developed model ; Dispute resolution ; High sensitivity ; Kazakhstan ; Legal regimes ; Legal status ; Negotiation support system ; Oil and gas ; Simultaneous estimation ; Soviet Union ; Turkmenistan ; Waterbodies ; Laws and legislation ; Water resources
  7. Source: World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010: Challenges of Change - Proceedings of the World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010, 16 May 2010 through 20 May 2010 ; 2010 , Pages 2694-2702 ; 9780784411148 (ISBN)
  8. URL: http://ascelibrary.org/doi/abs/10.1061/41114%28371%29277