Reshaping energy policy for sustainable development: Curbing Iran’s carbon emission monster via renewable energies

Eshraghi, H ; Sharif University of Technology

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1080/15567249.2013.810313
  3. Publisher: Taylor and Francis Inc
  4. Abstract:
  5. This paper formulates flow of energy from primary resources and import routes to different socio-economic sectors by making use of Long-Range Energy Alternatives Planning (LEAP) model. It presents a baseline of how Iran’s future production and consumption patterns evolve. It also seeks plausible scenario for renewable energies utilization and evaluates its mitigation potential and economic aspects. Model results indicate that exploitation of a "not-too-strict" package of renewable sources featuring 10 GW of wind and 19 GW of hydro by the end of 2035 will lead to CO2 emissions to be reduced up to an amount of 190.7 million tons in the study period. By accounting for the opportunity costs different fossil fuels can have, and with a 22% discount rate, abatement of 1 ton of CO2 costs about 7.5 $ (in 2005 constant prices) that declines to zero with a discount rate equal to 7.7%. The paper is concluded by discussing policy options for overcoming barriers hindering the development of renewable resources in the context of country-specific characteristics
  6. Keywords:
  7. Emission factor ; Energy policy ; LEAP model ; Renewable energy ; Carbon ; Carbon dioxide ; Climate change ; Climate models ; Costs ; Fossil fuels ; Climate change mitigation ; Opportunity costs ; Primary resources ; Production and consumption ; Renewable resource
  8. Source: Energy Sources, Part B: Economics, Planning and Policy ; Volume 11, Issue 9 , 2016 , Pages 830-840 ; 15567249 (ISSN)
  9. URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/15567249.2013.810313?journalCode=uesb20