Electrospinning of nanodiamond-modified polysaccharide nanofibers with physico-mechanical properties close to natural skins

Mahdavi, M ; Sharif University of Technology

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.3390/md14070128
  3. Publisher: MDPI AG
  4. Abstract:
  5. Electrospinning of biopolymers has gained significant interest for the fabrication of fibrous mats for potential applications in tissue engineering, particularly for wound dressing and skin regeneration. In this study, for the first time, we report successful electrospinning of chitosan-based biopolymers containing bacterial cellulous (33 wt %) and medical grade nanodiamonds (MND) (3 nm; up to 3 wt %). Morphological studies by scanning electron microscopy showed that long and uniform fibers with controllable diameters from 80 to 170 nm were prepared. Introducing diamond nanoparticles facilitated the electrospinning process with a decrease in the size of fibers. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy determined hydrogen bonding between the polymeric matrix and functional groups of MND. It was also found that beyond 1 wt % MND, percolation networks of nanoparticles were formed which affected the properties of the nanofibrous mats. Uniaxial tensile testing of the woven mats determined significant enhancement of the strength (from 13 MPa to 25 MP) by dispersion of 1 wt % MND. The hydrophilicity of the mats was also remarkably improved, which was favorable for cell attachment. The water vapor permeability was tailorable in the range of 342 to 423 μg·Pa-1s-1·m-1. The nanodiamond-modified mats are potentially suitable for wound healing applications
  6. Keywords:
  7. Bacterial cellulose ; Chitosan nanofiber ; Wound dressing ; Biopolymer ; Cellulose ; Chitosan ; Nanodiamond ; Nanofiber ; Animal cell ; Article ; Cell adhesion ; Controlled study ; Electrospinning ; Fiber ; Hydrogen bond ; Hydrophilicity ; Infrared spectroscopy ; Mouse ; Nonhuman ; Scanning electron microscopy ; Skin ; Water vapor ; Wound healing
  8. Source: Marine Drugs ; Volume 14, Issue 7 , 2016 ; 16603397 (ISSN)
  9. URL: http://www.mdpi.com/1660-3397/14/7/128