Fouling reduction of emulsion polyvinylchloride ultrafiltration membranes blended by PEG: the effect of additive concentration and coagulation bath temperature

Davood Abadi Farahani, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology | 2016

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1080/19443994.2015.1048739
  3. Publisher: Taylor and Francis Inc , 2016
  4. Abstract:
  5. In the present work, ultrafiltration membranes were prepared using emulsion polyvinyl chloride (EPVC) with the addition of various concentrations of polyethylene glycol (PEG) to investigate the morphological structure and separation properties. The effects of polymer concentration, coagulation bath temperature (CBT), and PEG (6 kDa) concentrations—a pore former hydrophilic additive—were studied. Through the phase inversion, the membranes—which were induced by immersion precipitation in a water coagulation bath—were fabricated through dissolving EPVC in N-methyl-pyrrolidinone, a polymer solvent. Morphological features of the membranes were characterized through scanning electron microscopy, pore size and porosity, and contact angle measurements. Water and bovine serum albumin (BSA) were used in order to study the separation and permeation performance of the fabricated membranes at 3 bar, which is operating pressure. The results which were obtained from contact angle test indicated an increment in the membranes hydrophilicity with an increase in PEG concentrations, and then it decreased again. Increasing the CBT led to macrovoid formation in the membrane structure and the appreciation of both membrane permeability and BSA rejection. The addition of PEG resulted in a more porous structure and a higher water flux for those membranes, which were prepared with 13 wt.% EPVC; while, for those which were fabricated with 15 wt.% polymer, an opposite trend was observed
  6. Keywords:
  7. Antifouling ; Coagulation bath temperature ; Emulsion polyvinylchloride ; Hydrophilicity ; Ultrafiltration membrane ; Coagulation ; Concentration (composition) ; Emulsion ; Fouling ; Membrane ; Permeability ; Polymer ; Reduction ; Temperature ; Ultrafiltration ; Bovinae
  8. Source: Desalination and Water Treatment ; Volume 57, Issue 26 , 2016 , Pages 11931-11944 ; 19443994 (ISSN)
  9. URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/19443994.2015.1048739?journalCode=tdwt20