Voltammetric studies of Azathioprine on the surface of graphite electrode modified with graphene nanosheets decorated with Ag nanoparticles

Asadian, E ; Sharif University of Technology

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.msec.2015.09.022
  3. Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
  4. Abstract:
  5. By using graphene nanosheets decorated with Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs-G) as an effective approach for the surface modification of pyrolytic graphite electrode (PGE), a sensing platform was fabricated for the sensitive voltammetric determination of Azathioprine (Aza). The prepared AgNPs-G nanosheets were characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV-vis and Raman spectroscopy techniques. The electrochemical behavior of Aza was investigated by means of cyclic voltammetry. Comparing to the bare PGE, a remarkable enhancement was observed in the response characteristics of Aza on the surface of the modified electrode (AgNPs-G/PGE) as well as a noticeable decrease in its reduction overpotential. These results can be attributed to the incredible enlargement in the microscopic surface area of the electrode due to the presence of graphene nanosheets together with strong adsorption of Aza on its surface. The effect of experimental parameters such as accumulation time, the amount of modifier suspension and pH of the supporting electrolyte were also optimized toward obtaining the maximum sensitivity. Under the optimum conditions, the calibration curve studies demonstrated that the peak current increased linearly with Aza concentrations in the range of 7 × 10- 7 to 1 × 10- 4 mol L- 1 with the detection limit of 68 nM. Further experiments revealed that the modified electrode can be successfully applied for the accurate determination of Aza in pharmaceutical preparations
  6. Keywords:
  7. Modified electrode ; Cyclic voltammetry ; Electrolytes ; Graphene ; Graphite electrodes ; Metal nanoparticles ; Nanoparticles ; Nanosheets ; Surface treatment ; Transmission electron microscopy ; Voltammetry ; X- ray diffraction ; Ag nanoparticle ; Electrochemical behaviors ; Graphene nanosheets ; Pharmaceutical preparations ; Pyrolytic graphite electrodes ; Voltammetric determination ; Nanomaterial ; Chemistry ; Electrochemical analysis ; Electrode ; PH ; Azathioprine ; Electrochemical Techniques ; Graphite ; Hydrogen-Ion Concentration ; Metal Nanoparticles ; Nanostructures ; Silver
  8. Source: Materials Science and Engineering C ; Volume 58 , 2016 , Pages 1098-1104 ; 09284931 (ISSN)
  9. URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0928493115303489