Statistical modeling approaches for pm10 prediction in urban areas; A review of 21st-century studies

Taheri Shahraiyni , H ; Sharif University of Technology | 2016

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.3390/atmos7020015
  3. Publisher: MDPI AG , 2016
  4. Abstract:
  5. PM10 prediction has attracted special legislative and scientific attention due to its harmful effects on human health. Statistical techniques have the potential for high-accuracy PM10 prediction and accordingly, previous studies on statistical methods for temporal, spatial and spatio-temporal prediction of PM10 are reviewed and discussed in this paper. A review of previous studies demonstrates that Support Vector Machines, Artificial Neural Networks and hybrid techniques show promise for suitable temporal PM10 prediction. A review of the spatial predictions of PM10 shows that the LUR (Land Use Regression) approach has been successfully utilized for spatial prediction of PM10 in urban areas. Of the six introduced approaches for spatio-temporal prediction of PM10, only one approach is suitable for high-resolved prediction (Spatial resolution < 100 m; Temporal resolution ≤ 24 h). In this approach, based upon the LUR modeling method, short-term dynamic input variables are employed as explanatory variables alongside typical non-dynamic input variables in a non-linear modeling procedure
  6. Keywords:
  7. Forecasting ; PM10 ; PM10 predictors ; Spatial prediction ; Spatial-temporal prediction ; Statistical models ; Urban areas
  8. Source: Atmosphere ; Volume 7, Issue 2 , 2016 ; 20734433 (ISSN)
  9. URL: http://www.mdpi.com/2073-4433/7/2/15