Cytotoxicity and cell cycle effects of bare and poly(vinyl alcohol)-coated iron oxide nanoparticles in mouse fibroblasts

Mahmoudi, M ; Sharif University of Technology

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1002/adem.200990035
  3. Abstract:
  4. Super-paramagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) are recognized as powerful biocompatible materials for use in various biomedical applications, such as drug delivery, magnetic-resonance imaging, cell/protein separation, hyperthermia and transfection. This study investigates the impact of high concentrations of SPIONs on cytotoxicity and cell-cycle effects. The interactions of surfacesaturated (via interactions with cell medium) bare SPIONs and those coated with poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) with adhesive mouse fibroblast cells (L929) are investigated using an MTT assay. The two SPION formulations are synthesized using a co-precipitation method. The bare and coated magnetic nanoparticles with passivated surfaces both result in changes in cell morphology, possibly due to clustering through their magnetostatic effect. At concentrations ranging up to 80×10-3 M, cells exposed to the PVA-coated nanoparticles demonstrate high cell viability without necrosis and apoptosis. In contrast, significant apoptosis is observed in cells exposed to bare SPIONs at a concentration of 80×10-3 M. Nanoparticle exposure (20-80×10-3 M) leads to variations in both apoptosis and cell cycle, possibly due to irreversible DNA damage and repair of oxidative DNA lesions, respectively. Additionally, the formation of vacuoles within the cells and granular cells indicates autophagy cell death rather than either apoptosis or necrosis
  5. Keywords:
  6. Apoptosis ; Autophagy ; Biocompatible materials ; Biomedical applications ; Cell cycle ; Cell viability ; Coated nanoparticles ; Concentration of ; Coprecipitation method ; DNA damage and repair ; DNA lesions ; Granular cells ; High concentration ; In-cell ; Iron oxide nanoparticle ; Magnetic nanoparticles ; Mouse-fibroblasts ; MTT assays ; Passivated surface ; Cell culture ; Cell death ; DNA ; Drug delivery ; Fibroblasts ; Genes ; Nanoparticles ; Nucleic acids ; Precipitation (chemical) ; Tissue ; Iron oxides
  7. Source: Advanced Engineering Materials ; Volume 11, Issue 12 , 2009 , Pages B243-B250 ; 14381656 (ISSN)
  8. URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/adem.200990035/full