Effect of different geometries in simulation of 3D viscous flow in francis turbine runners

Firoozabadi, B ; Sharif University of Technology | 2009

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. Publisher: 2009
  3. Abstract:
  4. Overall turbine analysis requires large CPU time and computer memory, even in the present days. As a result, choosing an appropriate computational domain accompanied by a suitable boundary condition can dramatically reduce the time cost of computations. This work compares different geometries for numerical investigation of the 3D flow in the runner of a Francis turbine, and presents an optimum geometry with least computational effort and desirable numerical accuracy. The numerical results are validated with a GAMM Francis Turbine runner, which was used as a test case (GAMM workshop on 3D computation of incompressible internal flows, 1989) in which the geometry and detailed best efficiency measurements were publically accessible. In this simulation, the flow is assumed to be steady and the inlet boundary condition is prescribed using experimental data. The effect of turbulence is considered by the k - ε model. The present investigation demonstrates that consideration of 2-blade geometry with periodic boundary conditions is the best choice of computational domain. By 1-blade geometry, convergence of the numerical simulation is not appropriate, whereas 13-blade geometry leads to a coarse grid that can increase inaccuracy and computational cost. Finally, this paper presents a qualitative survey to forecast cavitation region inception which correlates satisfactorily with experimental observations. © Sharif University of Technology, August 2009
  5. Keywords:
  6. GAMM ; Numerical simulation ; 3D flow ; Best choice ; Blade geometry ; Coarse grid ; Computational costs ; Computational domains ; Computational effort ; Computer memories ; CPU time ; Different geometry ; Efficiency measurement ; Experimental data ; Experimental observation ; Francis turbine runner ; Inlet boundary ; Internal flows ; Numerical accuracy ; Numerical investigations ; Numerical results ; Optimum geometry ; Periodic boundary conditions ; Test case ; Time cost ; Viscous flow analysis ; Boundary conditions ; Convergence of numerical methods ; Engines ; Flow simulation ; Fluid dynamics ; Francis turbines ; Mathematical models ; Pulsatile flow ; Three dimensional ; Turbines ; Viscosity ; Viscous flow ; Computational geometry ; Accuracy assessment ; Boundary condition ; Computational fluid dynamics ; Experimental study ; Flow modeling ; Geometry ; Numerical model ; Qualitative analysis ; Three-dimensional flow ; Turbine ; Turbulent flow ; Elagatis
  7. Source: Scientia Iranica ; Volume 16, Issue 4 B , 2009 , Pages 363-369 ; 10263098 (ISSN)
  8. URL: https://www.sid.ir/en/Journal/ViewPaper.aspx?ID=153900