A new refill friction spot welding process for aluminum/polymer composite hybrid structures

Karami Pabandi, H ; Sharif University of Technology

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.compstruct.2017.04.053
  3. Abstract:
  4. A new refill friction spot welding process called Threaded Hole Friction Spot Welding (THFSW) was introduced to join AA5052 aluminum to short-carbon-fiber-reinforced polypropylene (PP-SCF) composite sheets. The process was based on filling of the pre-threaded hole by melted and re-solidified polymer. The results showed that THFSW was successful to join aluminum to polymer sheets and the hole was completely filled with melted polymer. Formation of a reaction layer composed mostly of Al, C and O as well as interlocking between the threaded hole and the re-solidified polymer were recognized as main bonding mechanisms. Maximum shear-tensile strength of the joints reached to ∼80 percent of the composite base strength. Moreover, Mechanical strength and fracture energy of the joints increased with enhancement of tool rotational speed. Variation of the joint strength was explored in light of the fracture surface features as well as crystallinity percent of the re-solidified polymer inside the hole. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd
  5. Keywords:
  6. Polymer ; Aluminum ; Carbon ; Electric welding ; Filled polymers ; Fracture energy ; Friction ; Polymers ; Polypropylenes ; Reinforced plastics ; Spot welding ; Tensile strength ; Tribology ; Welding ; Bonding mechanism ; Fracture surface features ; Friction spot welding ; Hybrid structure ; Joint strength ; Refill ; Rotational speed ; Short carbon fibers ; Fracture
  7. Source: Composite Structures ; Volume 174 , 2017 , Pages 59-69 ; 02638223 (ISSN)
  8. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0263822317305470