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Evaluation of behaviors of earth and rockfill dams during construction and initial impounding using instrumentation data and numerical modeling

Rashidi, M ; Sharif University of Technology

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.jrmge.2016.12.003
  3. Abstract:
  4. In this study, the behavior of gavoshan dam was evaluated during construction and the first impounding. A two-dimensional (2D) numerical analysis was conducted based on a finite difference method on the largest cross-section of the dam using the results of instrument measurements and back analysis. These evaluations will be completed in the case that back analysis is carried out in order to control the degree of the accuracy and the level of confidence of the measured behavior since each of the measurements could be controlled by comparing it to the result obtained from the numerical model. Following that, by comparing the results of the numerical analysis with the measured values, it is indicated that there is a proper consistency between these two values. Moreover, it was observed that the dam performance was suitable regarding the induced pore water pressure, the pore water pressure ratio ru, settlement, induced stresses, arching degree, and hydraulic fracturing probability during the construction and initial impounding periods. The results demonstrated that the maximum settlement of the core was 238 cm at the end of construction. In the following 6 years after construction (initial impounding and exploitation period), the accumulative settlement of the dam was 270 cm. It is clear that 88% of the total settlement of the dam took place during dam construction. The reason is that the clay core was smashed in the wet side, i.e. the optimum moisture content. Whereas the average curving ratio was 0.64 during dam construction; at the end of the initial impounding, the maximum amount of curving ratio in the upstream was 0.81, and the minimum (critical) amount in the downstream was 0.52. It was also concluded that this dam is safe in comparison with the behaviors of other similar dams in the world. © 2017 Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  5. Keywords:
  6. Earth and rockfill dams ; Initial impounding ; Numerical modeling ; Settlement ; Dam construction ; Finite difference method ; Impoundment ; Instrumentation ; Moisture content ; Numerical model ; Pore pressure ; Porewater ; Rockfill dam
  7. Source: Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering ; Volume 9, Issue 4 , 2017 , Pages 709-725 ; 16747755 (ISSN)
  8. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1674775516300877