Efficient batch-mode mixing and flow patterns in a microfluidic centrifugal platform: a numerical and experimental study

Mortazavi, S. M. A ; Sharif University of Technology

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1007/s00542-016-3109-7
  3. Abstract:
  4. During recent years centrifugal-based microfluidic devices known as Lab-on-a-CD have attracted a lot of attentions. Applications of these CD-based platforms are ubiquitous in numerous biological analyses and chemical syntheses. Mixing of different species in microscale is one of the essential operations in biochemical applications where this seemingly simple task remains a major obstruction. Application of centrifugal force, however, may significantly improve the flow agitation and mixing, especially when it is combined with the Coriolis force which acts perpendicular to centrifugal force. In this study, mixing process in minichambers located on a rotating platform under a periodic acceleration and deceleration angular velocity profile is investigated both numerically and experimentally. We have incorporated various arrangements of obstacles and baffles, which are usually used in stationary mixers, within a batch-mode rotating mixing chamber. Subsequently, the effect of these obstacles on flow field and mixing process has been studied, and among these arrangements four cases have been selected for further experimental analysis. Experimental studies have been performed on a multi-layer CD platform fabricated in polycarbonate plates, and subsequently mixing has been investigated in these minichambers. The quantitative mixing data were obtained after a set of image analyses on the captured images of mixing chamber during the process and the results were compared with the simulation. The results indicate a good resemblance between the two studies both qualitatively and quantitatively. Furthermore, it has been shown that the application of obstacles and baffles together in chamber results in reducing the mixing time more than 50 % as compared to a chamber without any obstacle and/or baffle configuration. Obtaining mixing times less than 10 s in both studies, makes these CD-based platforms an appropriate device for many applications in which a cost-effective device as well as low mixing time is required. © 2016, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
  5. Keywords:
  6. Centrifugation ; Chemical analysis ; Cost effectiveness ; Microfluidics ; Acceleration and deceleration ; Baffle configurations ; Bio-chemical applications ; Biological analysis ; Experimental analysis ; Micro-fluidic devices ; Numerical and experimental study ; Polycarbonate plates ; Mixing
  7. Source: Microsystem Technologies ; Volume 23, Issue 7 , 2017 , Pages 2767-2779 ; 09467076 (ISSN)
  8. URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00542-016-3109-7