Noble metal nanoparticles in biosensors: Recent studies and applications

Malekzad, H ; Sharif University of Technology | 2017

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1515/ntrev-2016-0014
  3. Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH , 2017
  4. Abstract:
  5. The aim of this review is to cover advances in noble metal nanoparticle (MNP)-based biosensors and to outline the principles and main functions of MNPs in different classes of biosensors according to the transduction methods employed. The important biorecognition elements are enzymes, antibodies, aptamers, DNA sequences, and whole cells. The main readouts are electrochemical (amperometric and voltametric), optical (surface plasmon resonance, colorimetric, chemiluminescence, photoelectrochemical, etc.) and piezoelectric. MNPs have received attention for applications in biosensing due to their fascinating properties. These properties include a large surface area that enhances biorecognizers and receptor immobilization, good ability for reaction catalysis and electron transfer, and good biocompatibility. MNPs can be used alone and in combination with other classes of nanostructures. MNP-based sensors can lead to significant signal amplification, higher sensitivity, and great improvements in the detection and quantification of biomolecules and different ions. Some recent examples of biomolecular sensors using MNPs are given, and the effects of structure, shape, and other physical properties of noble MNPs and nanohybrids in biosensor performance are discussed. © 2017 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston 2017
  6. Keywords:
  7. Metal nanostructures ; Optical ; Piezoelectric ; Biocompatibility ; Biomolecules ; Biosensors ; Chemical detection ; DNA sequences ; Nanoparticles ; Nanostructures ; Piezoelectricity ; Precious metals ; Surface plasmon resonance ; Biomolecule detection ; Colorometric ; Electrochemical ; Metal nanostructure ; Nanobiosensor ; Metal nanoparticles
  8. Source: Nanotechnology Reviews ; Volume 6, Issue 3 , 2017 , Pages 301-329 ; 21919089 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/ntrev.2017.6.issue-3/ntrev-2016-0014/ntrev-2016-0014.xml