Probabilistic analysis of soil-structure interaction effects on the seismic performance of structures

Mirzaie, F ; Sharif University of Technology

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1002/eqe.2807
  3. Abstract:
  4. This paper revisits the phenomenon of dynamic soil-structure interaction (SSI) with a probabilistic approach. For this purpose, a twofold objective is pursued. First, the effect of SSI on inelastic response of the structure is studied considering the prevailing uncertainties. Second, the consequence of practicing SSI provisions of the current seismic design codes on the structural performance is investigated in a probabilistic framework. The soil-structure system is modeled by the sub-structure method. The uncertainty in the properties of the soil and the structure is described by random variables that are input to this model. Monte Carlo sampling analysis is employed to compute the probability distribution of the ductility demand of the structure, which is selected as the metrics for the structural performance. In each sample, a randomly generated soil-structure system is subjected to a randomly selected and scaled ground motion. To comprehensively model the uncertainty in the ground motion, a suite of 3269 records is employed. An extensive parametric study is conducted to cover a wide range of soil-structure systems. The results reveal the probability that SSI increases the ductility demand of structures designed based on the conventional fixed-based assumption but built on flexible soil in reality. The results also show it is highly probable that practicing SSI provisions of modern seismic codes increase the ductility demand of the structure. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
  5. Keywords:
  6. Ductility demand ; Seismic design ; Soil-structure interaction ; Monte carlo methods ; Probability distributions ; Seismology ; Soil structure interactions ; Soils ; Ductility demands ; Dynamic soil-structure interaction ; Monte carlo sampling ; Probabilistic analysis ; Probabilistic approaches ; Probabilistic framework ; Soil structure system ; Structural performance ; Structural design ; Ductility ; Monte carlo analysis ; Probability ; Sampling ; Seismic response ; Structural response
  7. Source: Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics ; Volume 46, Issue 4 , 2017 , Pages 641-660 ; 00988847 (ISSN)
  8. URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/eqe.2807