A truly incompressible smoothed particle hydrodynamics based on artificial compressibility method

Rouzbahani, F ; Sharif University of Technology

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.cpc.2016.09.008
  3. Abstract:
  4. In the present study, a truly incompressible smoothed particle hydrodynamics based on the artificial compressibility method for simulating steady and unsteady incompressible flows is proposed and assessed. The incompressible Navier–Stokes equations in the primitive variables formulation using the artificial compressibility method proposed by Chorin in the Eulerian reference frame are written in a Lagrangian reference frame to provide an appropriate incompressible SPH algorithm. The proposed SPH formulation implemented here is based on an implicit dual-time stepping scheme to be capable of time-accurate analysis of unsteady flows. The advantage of the Artificial Compressibility-based Incompressible SPH (ACISPH) method proposed over the Weakly Compressible SPH (WCSPH) and the pseudo-compressibility SPH methods is that the ACISPH formulation is a truly incompressible SPH algorithm and it does not involve any approximate enforcement of the incompressibility condition that usually causes to use a large magnitude speed of sound implying a small time step in the computations. The approximate enforcement of the incompressibility condition used in the WCSPH method also causes spurious oscillations in the density and pressure fields which is not the case for the ACISPH formulation proposed. Unlike the projection SPH algorithm and the moving-particle semi-implicit (MPS) method formulation, the ACISPH formulation presented herein does not involve the iterative solution of a Poisson equation for the pressure field. The accuracy and robustness of the proposed incompressible SPH (ACISPH) are demonstrated by solving different incompressible flow problems. A sensitivity study is also conducted to evaluate the effects of particle resolution and the value of artificial compressibility parameter on the accuracy and convergence rate of the solution. To validate the results, different test cases are considered herein that are incompressible flows in a 2-D simple channel, a 2-D locally expanded channel, a 2-D cavity, the unsteady Couette flow with pressure gradient, the Taylor vortex problem and a dam break problem with dry bed. Results obtained for these cases are in good agreement with the available analytical and numerical results. The study shows the artificial compressibility-based ISPH (ACISPH) method proposed is accurate and robust for simulating steady and unsteady incompressible flow problems. © 2016 Elsevier B.V
  5. Keywords:
  6. Chorin's artificial compressibility method ; Incompressible flows ; Compressibility ; Compressible flow ; Fluid dynamics ; Incompressible flow ; Iterative methods ; Navier stokes equations ; Poisson equation ; Turbulent flow ; Vortex flow ; Artificial compressibility ; Artificial compressibility method ; Incompressible navier stokes equations ; Lagrangian reference frame ; Moving particle semiimplicit method ; Pseudo-compressibility ; Smoothed particle hydrodynamics ; Unsteady couette flows ; Hydrodynamics
  7. Source: Computer Physics Communications ; Volume 210s , 2017 , Pages 10-28 ; 00104655 (ISSN)
  8. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S001046551630279X