Availability analysis on combustion of n-heptane and isooctane blends in a reactivity controlled compression ignition engine

Mohebbi, M ; Sharif University of Technology | 2018

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1177/0954407017731167
  3. Publisher: SAGE Publications Ltd , 2018
  4. Abstract:
  5. Unfortunately, energy demands and destruction of the environment from uncontrolled manipulation of fossil fuels have increased. Climate change concerns have resulted in the rapid use of new, alternative combustion technologies. In this study, reactivity controlled compression ignition (RCCI) combustion, which can simply be exploited in internal combustion (IC) engines, is investigated. To introduce and identify extra insightful information, an exergy-based study was conducted to classify various irreversibility and loss sources. Multidimensional models were combined with the primary kinetics mechanism to investigate RCCI combustion, incorporating the second law of thermodynamics. The n-heptane, a highly reactive fuel, was supplied by direct injection into the cylinder, whereas premixed fuel was supplied through the intake port in an isooctane/n-heptane RCCI engine. For five n-heptane increments (5%, 7.5%, 15%, 25%, and 40%) and six different exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) rates (0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, and 50%), accumulation of different exergy terms was calculated. The results show that as EGR introduction increases from 0% to 50%, the exergy destruction increases from 21.1% to 28.9%. Furthermore, the value of exhaust thermomechanical exergy decreases from 18.4% to 14.4% of the mixture fuel chemical exergy. Among the five different high reactive fuel mass regimes, the 40% n-heptane mass fraction has the major heat transfer exergy owing to its advanced CA50 that exerts a unique influence on cylinder charge temperature of heat transfer layer. The utilization efficiency of exhaust in RCCI is less affected by the variation of reactive fuel mass fraction by contrast; it will significantly influence heat transfer availability. This study revealed that with increasing reactive fuel (n-heptane) from 7.5% to 40% the irreversibility decreased from 28.6% to 25.8% and the second law efficiency first increased from 43.2% to 44.6% at 15% n-heptane then decreased to 42.9% at 40% n-heptane. © IMechE 2017
  6. Keywords:
  7. Availability analysis ; Exhaust gas recirculation ; Heat release ; RCCI combustion ; Second-law efficiency ; Classification (of information) ; Climate change ; Diesel engines ; Direct injection ; Engine cylinders ; Exergy ; Exhaust gas recirculation ; Fossil fuels ; Gases ; Heat transfer ; Ignition ; Paraffins ; Polyols ; Availability analysis ; Compression ignition engine ; Exhaust gas recirculation rates ; Heat release ; Multi-dimensional model ; Second law ; Second law efficiencies ; Second Law of Thermodynamics ; Heptane
  8. Source: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering ; Volume 232, Issue 11 , 2018 , Pages 1501-1515 ; 09544070 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0954407017731167