Positioning of geostationary satellite by Radio Interferometry

Sadeghi, M ; Sharif University of Technology | 2018

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1109/TAES.2018.2866610
  3. Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc , 2018
  4. Abstract:
  5. There are several perturbations that force the satellite orbit to deviate from the elliptical form. To cope with these perturbations, station keeping is applied. For accurate station keeping, determination of the true satellite orbit is necessary. Radio interferometry is one of the techniques used for determining azimuth and elevation look angles of a satellite. In this paper we introduce three structures based on interferometry for determining the view angles of satellites .The estimated angles are combined with range measurement for orbital positioning of geostationary (GEO) satellites. In the proposed interferometry structures, to acquire the required angular accuracy, the distance between antennas is set larger than the maximum halfwavelength and the incurred ambiguities are resolved by utilizing properties of GEO satellites. For each of the proposed structures maximum likelihood estimators are proposed. It is shown that, in low measurement noise cases, these proposed estimators are unbiased and their mean square error achieves the Cramer Rao bound. IEEE
  6. Keywords:
  7. Antennas ; Azimuth ; Cramer Rao bound(CRB) ; GEO satellite ; Orbital positioning ; Radar tracking ; Satellite broadcasting ; Satellites ; Codes (symbols) ; Cramer-Rao bounds ; Geostationary satellites ; Interferometry ; Maximum likelihood estimation ; Mean square error ; Tracking (position) ; Angular accuracy ; Cramer-rao bound (CRB) ; GEO satellites ; Maximum likelihood estimator ; Measurement Noise ; Radio interferometry ; Range measurements ; Orbits
  8. Source: IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems ; 2018 ; 00189251 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8444063