Mechanical differences between ATP and ADP actin states: A molecular dynamics study

Mehrafrooz, B ; Sharif University of Technology | 2018

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2018.04.010
  3. Publisher: Academic Press , 2018
  4. Abstract:
  5. This paper aims to give a comprehensive atomistic modeling of the nanomechanical behavior of actin monomer. Actin is a ubiquitous and essential component of cytoskeleton which forms many different cellular structures. Despite for several years great effort has been devoted to the investigation of mechanical properties of the actin filament, studies on the nanomechanical behavior of actin monomer are still lacking. These scales are, however, important for a complete understanding of the role of actin as an important component in the cytoskeleton structure. Based on the accuracy of atomistic modeling methods such as molecular dynamics simulations, steered molecular dynamics method is performed to assess tension of monomeric G-actin molecule under different types of mechanical loading including axial and lateral. As a result, stress-strain curves are obtained in aqueous solution, with either ATP or ADP bound in the nucleotide binding pocket. The obtained results yield evaluation of the tensile stiffness of a single actin monomer in lateral and normal direction. In order to compare the behavior of ATP and ADP G-actins, the number of hydrogen bonds and nonbonded interactions between the nucleotide and the protein are analyzed. Moreover, The effect of virtual spring of steered molecular dynamics on the mechanical behavior of actin monomer is investigated. The results reveal increasing the virtual spring constant leads to convergence of the stiffness. Moreover, in this paper, a generalized model is proposed to extend the obtained results for the monomeric G-actin scale to the actin filament. Our modeling estimated a persistence length of actin filament 15.41 µm, close to experimental measurements. Moreover, In this paper, the breaking force actin-actin bond is evaluated using steered molecular dynamics simulation. By applying a tensile force, actin-actin bond ruptured at 4197.5 pN. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd
  6. Keywords:
  7. Actin filament ; Biomechanics ; G-actin ; Molecular dynamic simulation ; Nanomechanics ; Persistence length ; Young's modulus ; Adenosine diphosphate ; Adenosine triphosphate ; G actin ; Monomer ; Nucleotide ; Protein ; Computer simulation ; Mechanical property ; Molecular analysis ; Nanotechnology ; Protein ; Young modulus ; Aqueous solution ; Article ; Controlled study ; Hydrogen bond ; Molecular dynamics ; Molecular interaction ; Molecular model ; Priority journal ; Protein analysis ; Simulation ; Tensile strength
  8. Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology ; Volume 448 , 2018 , Pages 94-103 ; 00225193 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002251931830170X?via%3Dihub