Investigating the effects of rock and fluid properties in Iranian carbonate matrix acidizing during pre-flush stage

Karimi, M ; Sharif University of Technology | 2018

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.petrol.2018.03.002
  3. Publisher: Elsevier B.V , 2018
  4. Abstract:
  5. Acidizing of carbonate oil-wet rocks saturated with oil and saline formation water is subjected failure in some cases due to acid-induced damage such as sludge and emulsion formations. This condition may also lead to mineral precipitation, oil film barrier between acid and rock and diversion chemical malfunctions. Therefore, pre-flush process has been proposed as one of the most efficient stage for oil-wells matrix acidizing to reduce these challenges significantly. Besides, the pre-flush stage would result in more clean rock as the reservoir fluids are pushed back from the near wellbore regions, restoring rock wettability to more water wet state, preventing direct acid-oil contact and cooling rock surface to control acid-rock reaction at high temperature reservoir. This laboratory work is designed to study the effectiveness of three different pre-flush fluids and assess their ability in reducing interfacial tension (IFT) to displace original reservoir fluids around the wellbore as well as changing the rock wettability to increase rock dissolution rate. The results showed that a 0.5%wt of C16TAB aqueous solution (cationic surfactant additive) has passed successfully the pre-flush optimization criteria which can be utilized as pre-flush fluid of the carbonate oil-wet acidizing. It was shown that the wettability and IFT were changed quickly as it is requested for the pre-flush stage. The contact angle was decreased from 172° to 33° in two hours period and the IFT was reduced from 8.9 to 0.62 (dyne/cm) at reservoir condition (P = 4000 psia, T = 85 °C). In addition, the dissolution rate of dolomite rock from an Iranian oil reservoir at three different states of oil-wet, water-wet and pre-flush treated with 15% HCl was measured and compared. The measured dissolution rate of initially water-wet rock was measured to be 1 × 10−4 mol/cm2.s which is the same as the dissolution rate measured for C16TAB treated oil wet rock. This confirms the suitable wettability alteration through C16TAB pre-flush. © 2018 Elsevier B.V
  6. Keywords:
  7. Dissolution rate ; IFT reduction ; Pre-flush fluid ; Acidization ; Boreholes ; Carbonation ; Cationic surfactants ; Chlorine compounds ; Dissolution ; Dyes ; Emulsification ; Oil field equipment ; Oil wells ; Petroleum reservoir engineering ; Petroleum reservoirs ; Precipitation (chemical) ; Rocks ; Saline water ; Solutions ; Wetting ; Dissolution rates ; Flush fluid ; High temperature reservoirs ; Iranian oil reservoirs ; Matrix acidizing ; Mineral precipitation ; Optimization criteria ; Wettability alteration ; Minerals ; Acidity ; Carbonate rock ; High temperature ; Oil well ; Precipitation (chemistry) ; Rock property ; Wettability
  8. Source: Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering ; Volume 166 , 2018 , Pages 121-130 ; 09204105 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0920410518301864