Liquid jet trajectory and droplet path influenced by combined cross flow and electric fields

Rajabi, A ; Sharif University of Technology | 2018

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.ces.2018.01.029
  3. Publisher: Elsevier Ltd , 2018
  4. Abstract:
  5. This study investigates an ethanol liquid jet subjected to combination of an air crossflow and a normal electric field. The results on the liquid jet trajectory and subsequent droplets flight paths are presented. The liquid jet trajectory was found as a function of two non-dimensional quantities; the liquid jet to the crossflow momentum ratio and the electroinertial number. The electroinertial number is defined as the ratio between the liquid jet specific momentum and the electric force. A correlation is introduced for the jet trajectory in low crossflow speeds and electric field intensities. The same two quantities control the detached droplets flight paths. Satellite droplets flight angles are also reported with a correlation for their separation angle, which can be useful in applications where uniform droplet production is important. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd
  6. Keywords:
  7. Cross flow ; Jet trajectory ; Satellite droplet ; Drop breakup ; Drops ; Electric fields ; Electrohydrodynamics ; Fighter aircraft ; Flight paths ; Jets ; Electric field intensities ; Electric force ; Momentum ratio ; Non-dimensional quantity ; Satellite droplets ; Uniform droplet ; Liquids
  8. Source: Chemical Engineering Science ; Volume 181 , 18 May , 2018 , Pages 114-121 ; 00092509 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0009250918300290