Electrochemical behavior of nanostructured fe-pd alloy during electrodeposition on different substrates

Rezaei, M ; Sharif University of Technology | 2018

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.5229/JECST.2018.9.3.202
  3. Publisher: Korean Electrochemical Society , 2018
  4. Abstract:
  5. In this work, Fe-Pd alloy films have been electrodeposited on different substrates using an electrolyte containing [Pd(NH3)4]2+ (0.02 M) and [Fe-Citrate]2+ (0.2 M). The influences of substrate and overpotential on chemical composition, nucleation and growth kinetics as well as the electrodeposited films morphology have been investigated using energy dis-persive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), current-time transients, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns. In all substrates – brass, copper and sputtered fluorine doped tin oxide on glass (FTO/glass) – Fe content of the electrodeposited alloys increases by increasing the overpotential. Also the cathodic current efficiency is low due to high rate of H2 co-reduction. Regarding the chronoamperometry current-time transients, it has been demonstrated that the nucleation mechanism is instantaneous with a typical three dimensional (3D) diffusion-controlled growth in the case of brass and copper substrates; while for FTO, the growth mode changes to 3D progressive. At a constant overpotential, the calculated number of active nucleation sites for metallic substrates is much higher than that of FTO/glass; however by increasing the overpotential, the number of active nucleation sites increases. The SEM micrographs as well as the XRD patterns reveal the formation of Fe-Pd alloy thin films with nanostructure arrangement and ultra-fine grains. © 2018, Korean Electrochemical Society. All rights reserved
  6. Keywords:
  7. Electrodeposition ; Fe-Pd alloy ; Growth ; Kinetics ; Nucleation
  8. Source: Journal of Electrochemical Science and Technology ; Volume 9, Issue 3 , 2018 , Pages 202-211 ; 20938551 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://www.jecst.org/journal/view.php?doi=10.33961/JECST.2018.9.3.202