Numerical study of species separation in rarefied gas mixture flow through micronozzles using DSMC

Sabouri, M ; Sharif University of Technology | 2019

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1063/1.5083807
  3. Publisher: American Institute of Physics Inc , 2019
  4. Abstract:
  5. This work investigates the species separation in the rarefied flow of the argon-helium mixture through convergent-divergent micronozzles. Imposing a molecular mass ratio in the order of 10, the flow of this mixture can lead to the formation of serious nonhomogeneous phenomena such as the species separation. This study is performed in the ranges of 2.0-4.0 for the geometrical expansion ratio, 200-400 K for the wall temperature, and 0.003-1.454 for the inlet Knudsen number. The effects of these parameters are examined on the separative performances of micronozzle. The direct simulation Monte Carlo method is selected as the solution method because it can provide reliable solutions in the current rarefied flow regime study. The current study reveals two important separative effects in the mixture flow through micronozzles. The first effect is the lateral species separation, which results in the enrichment of heavier species near the centerline. The second effect is the streamwise separation, which leads to the enrichment of one species, mostly the lighter one, as the mixture passes through the micronozzle. The current results show that increasing the expansion ratio will enhance the lateral separation monotonically. However, there are specific wall temperature and Knudsen values, which can result in optimum lateral separative effects. In addition, it is observed that the expansion ratio has little effect on the streamwise separation. However, increasing either the wall temperature or the Knudsen number will enhance the streamwise separation, albeit with a limiting value at very high Knudsen numbers
  6. Keywords:
  7. Monte Carlo methods ; Direct simulation Monte Carlo method ; Expansion ratio ; Helium mixtures ; Knudsen numbers ; Limiting values ; Non-homogeneous ; Solution methods ; Wall temperatures ; Gases
  8. Source: Physics of Fluids ; Volume 31, Issue 4 , 2019 ; 10706631 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://aip.scitation.org/doi/10.1063/1.5083807