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Experimental study of dynamic imbibition during water flooding of naturally fractured reservoirs

Harimi, B ; Sharif University of Technology | 2019

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.petrol.2018.11.008
  3. Publisher: Elsevier B.V , 2019
  4. Abstract:
  5. Capillary imbibition is an important recovery mechanism in naturally fractured reservoirs when water-filled fractures surround water-wet matrix blocks. A large amount of studies of imbibition process is simply total or partial immersion of nonwetting phase saturated rock in aqueous wetting phase. However, water advance in fractures during water flooding or water encroachment from an active aquifer introduces time dependent boundary conditions where invariant exposure of rock surface to water is not representative. In this work, a laboratory simulated matrix-fracture system was used to investigate different aspects of imbibition in the presence of fracture fluid flow (namely dynamic imbibition). A limestone and a sandstone core plug samples were selected as porous media. A total number of 11 dynamic imbibition and one static imbibition experiments were performed. Core plugs were strongly water-wet to maximize the role of capillary forces. Kerosene and air were the nonwetting fluids in experiments. The impact of water injection rate in the fracture was examined and the results revealed that as the injection rate increases above a critical rate, breakthrough recovery declines, however when injection rate is less than the critical rate increasing injection rate enhances recovery rate without any loss in recovery. Increasing wetting phase viscosity by means of glycerol solution was examined, as well. This reduced the imbibition rate and breakthrough recovery in both water-oil and water-air systems. Furthermore, comparing dynamic imbibition recovery data with a conventional immersion static experiment showed clear discrepancy which is due to different counter- and co-current flow modes. This emphasizes that static imbibition results should not be used for prediction of fractured reservoir performance under water flooding. © 2018 Elsevier B.V
  6. Keywords:
  7. Fractured reservoirs ; Spontaneous imbibition ; Water flooding ; Air ; Aquifers ; Floods ; Flow of fluids ; Lime ; Matrix algebra ; Oil well flooding ; Petroleum reservoirs ; Porous materials ; Recovery ; Reservoirs (water) ; Wetting ; Capillary imbibition ; Dynamic imbibition ; Fractured reservoir ; Naturally fractured reservoirs ; Recovery mechanisms ; Spontaneous imbibition ; Time-dependent boundary conditions ; Water injection rate ; Water injection ; experimental study ; Fracture ; Hydrocarbon reservoir ; Imbibition ; Limestone ; Sandstone ; Steam injection
  8. Source: Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering ; Volume 174 , 2019 , Pages 1-13 ; 09204105 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0920410518309987