Improvement of upper limb motor control and function after competitive and noncompetitive volleyball exercises in chronic stroke survivors: a randomized clinical trial

Mandehgary Najafabadi, M ; Sharif University of Technology | 2019

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.apmr.2018.10.012
  3. Publisher: W.B. Saunders , 2019
  4. Abstract:
  5. Objectives: To investigate the effects of competitive and noncompetitive volleyball exercises on the functional performance and motor control of the upper limbs in chronic stroke survivors. Design: Randomized clinical trial. Setting: Outpatient rehabilitation center. Participants: Chronic stroke survivors (N=48). Interventions: Participants were randomly assigned to competitive (n=16) or noncompetitive (n=16) volleyball exercise groups (60min/d volleyball exercise+30min/d traditional rehabilitation, 3d/wk for 7wk) and control group (n=16). Main Outcome Measures: Reach and grasp motor control measures were evaluated through kinematic analysis. Functional outcomes were assessed via Motor Activity Log, Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT), Box and Block Test, and Wrist Position Sense Test. Results: Significant improvement of functional performance was observed in both competitive (P<.0001) and noncompetitive volleyball exercise groups (P<.01), but not in the control group (P>.05), with the exception of WMFT score. Volleyball training, in general, resulted in more efficient spatiotemporal control of reach and grasp functions, as well as less dependence on feedback control as compared to the control group. Moreover, the competitive volleyball exercise group exhibited greater improvement in both functional performance and motor control levels. Conclusions: Volleyball team exercises, especially in a competitive format, resulted in enhancing the efficacy of the preprogramming and execution of reach and grasp movements, as well as a shift from feedback to feedforward control of the affected upper limb in chronic stroke survivors. This may well be a potential underlying mechanism for improving functional performance
  6. Keywords:
  7. Rehabilitation ; Stroke ; Upper extremity ; Volleyball ; Box and block test ; Cerebrovascular accident ; Clinical article ; Controlled study ; Feedback system ; Female ; Functional assessment ; Human ; Kinematics ; Motor activity ; Motor activity log ; Motor control ; Motor function test ; Randomized controlled trial ; Stroke survivor ; Upper limb ; Wolf motor function test ; Wrist position sense test ; Biomechanics ; Convalescence ; Kinesiotherapy ; Movement (physiology) ; Pathophysiology ; Physiology ; Procedures ; Single blind procedure ; Survivor ; Adult ; Aged ; Biomechanical Phenomena ; Chronic Disease ; Exercise Therapy ; Female ; Hand Strength ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Movement ; Recovery of Function ; Single-Blind Method ; Stroke Rehabilitation ; Survivors ; Treatment Outcome
  8. Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; Volume 100, Issue 3 , 2019 , Pages 401-411 ; 00039993 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003999318314485