Amino-silane-grafted NH2-MIL-53(Al)/polyethersulfone mixed matrix membranes for CO2/CH4 separation

Ahmadijokani, F ; Sharif University of Technology | 2019

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1039/c9dt02328c
  3. Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry , 2019
  4. Abstract:
  5. Mixed-matrix membranes (MMMs) are promising candidates for carbon dioxide separation. However, their application is limited due to improper dispersion of fillers within the polymer matrix, poor interaction of fillers with polymer chains, and formation of defects and micro-voids at the interface of both phases, which all result in the decline of the gas separation performance of MMMs. In this work, we present a new method to overcome these challenges. To this end, a series of MMMs based on polyethersulfone (PES) as the continuous polymer matrix and MIL-53-derived MOFs as the dispersed filler were prepared. FTIR-ATR, XRD, TGA, FESEM, and N2 adsorption/desorption analyses were employed to characterize the structural properties of the synthesized nanoparticles. The obtained results indicated that 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) molecules were successfully attached onto the surface of NH2-MIL-53(Al). Morphological characterization by FESEM and energy dispersive X-ray mapping (EDX) showed that desirable distribution within the whole membrane thickness, suitable nanoscale dispersion, and excellent interface were achieved by using amino-silane-grafted NH2-MIL-53(Al) (A-MIL-53(Al)) nanoparticles. The permeation results indicated that the permeability of two gases and the ideal CO2/CH4 selectivity enhanced by increasing the concentration of MOFs. In particular, comparing the experimental gas separation results of A-MMM-10 with those of pure PES membrane showed an 84% increase in the CO2 permeability and a 70% increase in CO2/CH4 selectivity. These results suggest that post-synthetic modification of MOF nanoparticles and strong interfacial adhesion between functionalized nanoparticles and polymer matrix could be a useful method to eliminate interfacial voids and improve gas separation efficiency. © 2019 The Royal Society of Chemistry
  6. Keywords:
  7. Carbon dioxide ; Dispersions ; Filled polymers ; Fillers ; Grafting (chemical) ; Nanoparticles ; Phase interfaces ; Polymer matrix ; Separation ; Synthesis (chemical) ; 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane ; Carbon dioxide separation ; Energy dispersive x-ray ; Functionalized nanoparticles ; Gas separation efficiency ; Gas separation performance ; Morphological characterization ; Postsynthetic modification ; Gas permeable membranes
  8. Source: Dalton Transactions ; Volume 48, Issue 36 , 2019 , Pages 13555-13566 ; 14779226 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2019/dt/c9dt02328c#!divAbstract