Freeze-gelled alginate/gelatin scaffolds for wound healing applications: An in vitro, in vivo study

Afjoul, H ; Sharif University of Technology | 2020

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.msec.2020.110957
  3. Publisher: Elsevier Ltd , 2020
  4. Abstract:
  5. In this study, fabrication of a three-dimensional porous scaffold was performed using freeze gelation method. Recently, fabrication of scaffolds using polymer blends has become common for many tissue engineering applications due to their unique tunable properties. In this work, we fabricated alginate-gelatin porous hydrogels for wound healing application using a new method based on some modifications to the freeze-gelation method. Alginate and gelatin were mixed in three different ratios and the resulting solutions underwent freeze gelation to obtain 3D porous matrices. We analyzed the samples using different characterization tests. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) results indicated that the freeze gelation method was successful in obtaining porous morphologies for all the fabricated alginate-gelatin samples as previously was seen in single-polymer fabrication using this method. The alginate to gelatin ratio affected swelling, biodegradation, cell culture and mechanical properties of the matrices. The scaffold with the lowest content of gelatin had the highest swelling ratio while biodegradation and cell proliferation and viability were increased with the gelatin content. Regarding the mechanical properties, as the gelatin content increased, the scaffold became more ductile and showed higher tensile strength. The in-vivo results also showed the biocompatibility of the blend scaffold and its positive role in wound healing process in rats. The low-cost procedure used in this study to fabricate the porous alginate-gelatin scaffolds can be adapted and modified to suit different tissue engineering applications. © 2020 Elsevier B.V
  6. Keywords:
  7. Alginate ; Freeze-gelation ; Hydrogels ; Porous scaffolds ; Wound healing ; Biocompatibility ; Biodegradation ; Biomechanics ; Cell culture ; Cell proliferation ; Cost engineering ; Fabrication ; Gelation ; Polymer blends ; Scanning electron microscopy ; Tensile strength ; Tissue ; Characterization tests ; Porous hydrogels ; Porous morphology ; Three-dimensional porous scaffolds ; Tissue engineering applications ; Tunable properties ; Wound healing applications ; Wound healing process ; Scaffolds (biology)
  8. Source: Materials Science and Engineering C ; Volume 113 , 2020
  9. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0928493119339918