Frequency stability improvement in windthermal dominated power grids

Ashouri Zadeh, A ; Sharif University of Technology | 2020

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1049/iet-gtd.2019.0875
  3. Publisher: Institution of Engineering and Technology , 2020
  4. Abstract:
  5. With the proliferation of intermittent renewable energy sources, power systems need to withstand an increasing number of disturbances that may affect system frequency. In this paper, we focus on the effects of high penetration level of wind turbine-generators (WTG) on the power system operational planning from the frequency point of view. Specifically, an exact formulation for the minimum frequency calculation is presented to increase accuracy and speed of analyses. Then, the effect of WTG's frequency response on the power system frequency stability is investigated to compute the maximum acceptable generation outage as a function of penetration level. Finally, as an application to power system operational planning, the obtained frequency dynamics of the power system and the wind turbine frequency response are integrated into the unit commitment problem. Simulations are performed on the IEEE 39-bus test system to study the effects of the WTGs on the frequency stability of the system. Results illustrate a more secure and reliable operation of the power system when the wind turbines participate in the frequency regulation task. Moreover, including the frequency response of the wind turbines in the unit commitment problem can reduce the ancillary cost, meanwhile increase the frequency stability of the system. © The Institution of Engineering and Technology 2019
  6. Keywords:
  7. Electric power transmission networks ; Frequency response ; Frequency stability ; Renewable energy resources ; Stability ; Wind turbines ; Frequency calculations ; Frequency dynamics ; Frequency regulations ; Power system frequencies ; Power system operational planning ; Renewable energy source ; Stability improvement ; Unit commitment problem ; Electric power system planning
  8. Source: IET Generation, Transmission and Distribution ; Volume 14, Issue 4 , 2020 , Pages 619-627
  9. URL: https://digital-library.theiet.org/content/journals/10.1049/iet-gtd.2019.0875