Optimization of the municipal solid waste management system using a hybrid life cycle assessment–emergy approach in Tehran

Falahi, M ; Sharif University of Technology | 2020

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1007/s10163-019-00919-0
  3. Publisher: Springer , 2020
  4. Abstract:
  5. The sustainable design of the waste-management system is of crucial importance for cities like Tehran, capital of Iran. Tehran’s municipal solid-waste management has adopted modern practices and technologies very slowly. This study proposes the optimum pathway to reach maximum environmental benefits as well as the most cost-effective technologies according to the financial limits. The hybrid life cycle assessment (LCA)–emergy approach is applied to utilize the life cycle emissions as an inventory database to estimate the ecosystem services provided by the natural ecosystem to dilute the emissions and compensate raw material consumption. Among organic waste-treatment options, composting is optimally chosen by the hybrid LCA–emergy approach while considering the LCA method solely; the anaerobic digestion is the preferable option. Recycling is the most preferable solution for paper, plastic, and glass in terms of energy recovery and cost saving. However, the budget constraint affects the results. Considering the budget constraint, 65% of ferrous metals are diverted from recycling into metal landfill. Cost reduction of recycling technologies may divert metal flow from landfill to recycling. The limited budget has a significant impact on recycling solutions. Overall, the combination of composting and source separation should be considered as the most sustainable and eco-friendly pathway in Tehran. © 2019, Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature
  6. Keywords:
  7. Emergy ; Life cycle assessment (LCA) ; Tehran ; Anaerobic digestion ; Budget control ; Cost effectiveness ; Cost reduction ; Ecosystems ; Environmental technology ; Land fill ; Life cycle ; Recycling ; Source separation ; Sustainable development ; Cost-effective technology ; Environmental benefits ; Raw material consumption ; Recycling technology ; Waste management systems ; Municipal solid waste
  8. Source: Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management ; Volume 22, Issue 1 , 2020 , Pages 133-149
  9. URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10163-019-00919-0