Heat transfer in turbulent nanofluids: separation flow studies and development of novel correlations

Montazer, E ; Sharif University of Technology | 2020

620 Viewed
  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.apt.2020.06.001
  3. Publisher: Elsevier B.V , 2020
  4. Abstract:
  5. Convective heat transfer plays a significant role in numerous industrial cooling and heating applications. This method of heat transfer can be passively improved by reconfiguring flow passage, fluid thermophysical properties, or boundary conditions. The broader scope of nanotechnology introduced several studies of thermal engineering and heat transfer. Nano-fluids are one of such technology which can be thought of engineered colloidal fluids with nano-sized particles. In the present study, turbulent forced convection heat transfer to nanofluids in an axisymmetric abrupt expansion heat exchanger was investigated experimentally. During heat transfer investigation, the functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT-COOH), polycarboxylate functionalized graphene nanoplatelets (F-GNP), SiO2 and ZnO water-based nanofluids were used. The convective heat transfer coefficient of fully developed turbulent flow of nanofluids flowing through an abrupt enlargement with the expansion ratio (ER) of 2 was experimentally determined at a constant wall heat flux of 12,128.56 W/m2. The experiments were conducted at the Re ranges of 4000–16,000. The observed Nusselt numbers were higher than in the case of fully developed pipe flow indicating the level of the turbulent transport is high even though the recirculating velocities were a few percentages of the bulk mean velocity. The effect of Reynolds number and nanofluid's volume concentration on heat transfer and friction losses were studied, where all the results reveal that with the increase of weight concentration and Reynolds number, the local Nusselt number enhanced at the increment of axial ratios in all the cases showing greater heat transfer rates than those of the base fluids. Comparison between the examined four types of nanofluids, show that the carbon-based nanofluids have a greater effect on enhancing heat transfer (33.7% and 16.7% heat transfer performance improvement for F-GNP and MWCNT nanofluids respectively at 0.1 wt% concentration) at the downstream of the sudden expansion pipe. There is no reported work dealing with the prediction of the local Nusselt number at the distance equivalent to the axial ratio and flow through sudden expansion. So far, two excellent correlations for the Local Nusselt number are proposed with reasonably good accuracy. Furthermore, a new correlation is developed for the average Nusselt number. © 2020 The Society of Powder Technology Japan
  6. Keywords:
  7. Correlation ; Heat transfer ; Nanofluid ; Nusselt number ; Separation flow ; Graphene nanoplatelets ; Heat convection ; Heat exchangers ; Heat flux ; Heat transfer coefficients ; Heat transfer performance ; II-VI semiconductors ; Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCN) ; Oxide minerals ; Particle size ; Reynolds number ; Silica ; Thermal Engineering ; Thermodynamic properties ; Zinc oxide ; Constant wall heat flux ; Convective heat transfer ; Convective heat transfer Coefficient ; Enhancing heat transfer ; Functionalized graphene ; Functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes ; Heating applications ; Turbulent forced convection ; Nanofluidics
  8. Source: Advanced Powder Technology ; Volume 31, Issue 8 , August , 2020 , Pages 3120-3133
  9. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0921883120302685