Design, synthesis and application of imidazole-based organic dyes in dye sensitized solar cells

Nabavi, S. M. J ; Sharif University of Technology | 2020

422 Viewed
  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1007/s11664-020-08077-y
  3. Publisher: Springer , 2020
  4. Abstract:
  5. Metal-free D–D–π–A type dyes (i.e., Car-Cy, Car-Rh, Dpa-Cy, and Dpa-Rh) were designed and synthesized for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). In the structure of the sensitized dyes, an imidazole ring is connected to a carbazole or diphenylamine moiety as a donor while cyanoacetic acid or rhodanine-3-acetic acid was introduced as an acceptor/anchor. The molecular structures of D–D–π–A type dyes were characterized using IR, NMR and MS spectral data. The optical, electrochemical, theoretical, light harvesting property, HOMO/LUMO levels, redox behavior, and photovoltaic properties of the synthesized dyes were evaluated. Among the fabricated photovoltaic devices based on the prepared dye, Dpa-Cy dye containing diphenylamine as a donor and cyanoacetic acid as an acceptor exhibited a high-power conversion efficiency of 1.70% with a short-circuit current density (JSC) of 4.48 mA cm−2, an open-circuit photovoltage (VOC) of 0.53 V and a fill factor of 72% under AM1.5 illumination (85 mW cm−2) in comparison with other dyes. Plane-wave calculations indicate that the dye binds reasonably strongly to the TiO2 surface, and the generated DOS picture shows an overlap of the molecular orbitals of the dye and the TiO2 bands. We conclude that the dyes have a promising role as sensitizers in DSSCs. © 2020, The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society
  6. Keywords:
  7. Cyanoacetic acid ; Rhodanine-3-acetic acid ; Acetic acid ; Molecular orbitals ; pH ; Photovoltaic effects ; Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons ; Titanium dioxide ; Carbazole ; Cyanoacetic acids ; Diphenylamine ; DSSCs ; Rhodanine-3-acetic acids ; Dye-sensitized solar cells
  8. Source: Journal of Electronic Materials ; Volume 49, Issue 6 , 2020 , Pages 3735-3750
  9. URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11664-020-08077-y