Design and simulation of an integrated centrifugal microfluidic device for CTCs separation and cell lysis

Nasiri, R ; Sharif University of Technology | 2020

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.3390/mi11070699
  3. Publisher: MDPI AG , 2020
  4. Abstract:
  5. Separation of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from blood samples and subsequent DNA extraction from these cells play a crucial role in cancer research and drug discovery. Microfluidics is a versatile technology that has been applied to create niche solutions to biomedical applications, such as cell separation and mixing, droplet generation, bioprinting, and organs on a chip. Centrifugal microfluidic biochips created on compact disks show great potential in processing biological samples for point of care diagnostics. This study investigates the design and numerical simulation of an integrated microfluidic device, including a cell separation unit for isolating CTCs from a blood sample and a micromixer unit for cell lysis on a rotating disk platform. For this purpose, an inertial microfluidic device was designed for the separation of target cells by using contraction-expansion microchannel arrays. Additionally, a micromixer was incorporated to mix separated target cells with the cell lysis chemical reagent to dissolve their membranes to facilitate further assays. Our numerical simulation approach was validated for both cell separation and micromixer units and corroborates existing experimental results. In the first compartment of the proposed device (cell separation unit), several simulations were performed at different angular velocities from 500 rpm to 3000 rpm to find the optimum angular velocity for maximum separation efficiency. By using the proposed inertial separation approach, CTCs, were successfully separated from white blood cells (WBCs) with high efficiency (~90%) at an angular velocity of 2000 rpm. Furthermore, a serpentine channel with rectangular obstacles was designed to achieve a highly efficient micromixer unit with high mixing quality (~98%) for isolated CTCs lysis at 2000 rpm. © 2020 by the authors
  6. Keywords:
  7. Cell lysis ; Cell separation ; Circulating tumor cells ; Microfluidics ; Micromixer ; Angular velocity ; Biochips ; Blood ; Centrifugation ; Compact disks ; Diagnosis ; Efficiency ; Fluidic devices ; Medical applications ; Mixers (machinery) ; Mixing ; Numerical models ; Serpentine ; Biomedical applications ; Centrifugal microfluidics ; Design and simulation ; Inertial microfluidics ; Integrated microfluidic devices ; Numerical simulation approaches ; Point of care diagnostic
  8. Source: Micromachines ; Volume 11, Issue 7 , July , 2020
  9. URL: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32698447