Microfluidic-based approaches in targeted cell/particle separation based on physical properties: fundamentals and applications

Nasiri, R ; Sharif University of Technology | 2020

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1002/smll.202000171
  3. Publisher: Wiley-VCH Verlag , 2020
  4. Abstract:
  5. Cell separation is a key step in many biomedical research areas including biotechnology, cancer research, regenerative medicine, and drug discovery. While conventional cell sorting approaches have led to high-efficiency sorting by exploiting the cell's specific properties, microfluidics has shown great promise in cell separation by exploiting different physical principles and using different properties of the cells. In particular, label-free cell separation techniques are highly recommended to minimize cell damage and avoid costly and labor-intensive steps of labeling molecular signatures of cells. In general, microfluidic-based cell sorting approaches can separate cells using “intrinsic” (e.g., fluid dynamic forces) versus “extrinsic” external forces (e.g., magnetic, electric field, etc.) and by using different properties of cells including size, density, deformability, shape, as well as electrical, magnetic, and compressibility/acoustic properties to select target cells from a heterogeneous cell population. In this work, principles and applications of the most commonly used label-free microfluidic-based cell separation methods are described. In particular, applications of microfluidic methods for the separation of circulating tumor cells, blood cells, immune cells, stem cells, and other biological cells are summarized. Computational approaches complementing such microfluidic methods are also explained. Finally, challenges and perspectives to further develop microfluidic-based cell separation methods are discussed. © 2020 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
  6. Keywords:
  7. Cell manipulation ; Cell properties ; Cell separation ; Lab-on-a-chip ; Blood ; Cell culture ; Cell proliferation ; Electric fields ; Fluid dynamics ; Separation ; Stem cells ; Biomedical research ; Circulating tumor cells ; Computational approach ; Fluid dynamic forces ; Label-free cell separations ; Molecular signatures ; Physical principles ; Specific properties ; Microfluidics
  8. Source: Small ; Volume 16, Issue 29 , 2020
  9. URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/smll.202000171