Combined effects of electric stimulation and microgrooves in cardiac tissue-on-a-chip for drug screening

Ren, L ; Sharif University of Technology | 2020

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1002/smtd.202000438
  3. Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Inc , 2020
  4. Abstract:
  5. Animal models and traditional cell cultures are essential tools for drug development. However, these platforms can show striking discrepancies in efficacy and side effects when compared to human trials. These differences can lengthen the drug development process and even lead to drug withdrawal from the market. The establishment of preclinical drug screening platforms that have higher relevancy to physiological conditions is desirable to facilitate drug development. Here, a heart-on-a-chip platform, incorporating microgrooves and electrical pulse stimulations to recapitulate the well-aligned structure and synchronous beating of cardiomyocytes (CMs) for drug screening, is reported. Each chip is made with facile lithographic and laser-cutting processes that can be easily scaled up to high-throughput format. The maturation and phenotypic changes of CMs cultured on the heart-on-a-chip is validated and it can be treated with various drugs to evaluate cardiotoxicity and cardioprotective efficacy. The heart-on-a-chip can provide a high-throughput drug screening platform in preclinical drug development. © 2020 Wiley-VCH GmbH
  6. Keywords:
  7. Cardiotoxicity ; Drug screening ; Heart-on-a-chip ; Microgrooves ; Animal cell culture ; Drug interactions ; Electrophysiology ; Electrotherapeutics ; Well stimulation ; Cardiac tissues ; Drug development ; Electric stimulation ; Electrical pulse ; High throughput ; Laser cutting process ; Phenotypic changes ; Physiological condition ; Heart
  8. Source: Small Methods ; Volume 4, Issue 10 , 2020
  9. URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/smtd.202000438