Simultaneous voltammetric determination of uric acid and ascorbic acid using a carbon-paste electrode modified with multi-walled carbon nanotubes/nafion and cobalt(II)-nitrosalophen

Shahrokhian, S ; Sharif University of Technology | 2007

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1002/elan.200703974
  3. Publisher: 2007
  4. Abstract:
  5. A composition of multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT), Nafion and cobalt(II)-5-nitrosalophen (CoNSal) is applied for the modification of carbon-paste electrode (CPE). The pretreated MWCNT is well dispersed in the alcoholic solution of Nafion under the ultrasonic agitation, and the resulted suspension is used as modifier (with 10% w/w) in the matrix of the paste electrode. The prepared electrode further modified by addition of 3 wt% of CoNSal. The resulted modified electrode is used as a sensitive voltammetric sensor for simultaneous determination of uric acid (UA) and ascorbic acid (AA). The electrode showed efficient electrocatalytic activity in lowering the anodic overpotentials and enhancement of the anodic currents. This electrode is able to completely resolve the voltammetric response of UA and AA. The effects of potential sweep rate and pH of the buffer solution on the response of the electrode, toward UA and AA, and the peak resolution is thoroughly investigated by cyclic and differential pulse voltammetry (CV and DPV). The best peak resolution for these compounds using the modified electrode is obtained in solutions with pH 4. The ΔEp for UA and AA in these methods is about 315 mV, which is considerably better than previous reports for these compounds. A linear dynamic range of 1 × 10-7 to 1 × 10-4 M with a detection limit of 6 × 10-8 M is resulted for UA in buffered solutions with pH 4.0. The voltammetric response characteristics for AA are obtained as, the linear range of 5 × 10 -7 to 1 × 10-4 M with the detection limit of 1 × 10-7 M. The voltammetric detection system was very stable and the reproducibility of the electrode response, based on the six measurements during one month, was less than 3.5% for the slope of the calibration curves of UA and AA. The prepared modified electrode is successfully applied for the determination of AA and UA in mixture samples and reasonable accuracies are resulted. © 2007 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
  6. Keywords:
  7. Ascorbic acid ; Carbon nanotube ; Carbon paste electrode ; Cobalt-5-nitrosalophen
  8. Source: Electroanalysis ; Volume 19, Issue 21 , 2007 , Pages 2234-2242 ; 10400397 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://analyticalsciencejournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/elan.200703974