Neural network and neuro-fuzzy assessments for scour depth around bridge piers

Bateni, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology | 2007

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.engappai.2006.06.012
  3. Publisher: 2007
  4. Abstract:
  5. The mechanism of flow around a pier structure is so complicated that it is difficult to establish a general empirical model to provide accurate estimation for scour. Interestingly, each of the proposed empirical formula yields good results for a particular data set. Hence, in this study, alternative approaches, artificial neural networks (ANNs) and adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS), are proposed to estimate the equilibrium and time-dependent scour depth with numerous reliable data base. Two ANN models, multi-layer perception using back-propagation algorithm (MLP/BP) and radial basis using orthogonal least-squares algorithm (RBF/OLS), were used. The equilibrium scour depth was modeled as a function of five variables; flow depth, mean velocity, critical flow velocity, mean grain diameter and pier diameter. The time variation of scour depth was also modeled in terms of equilibrium scour depth, equilibrium scour time, scour time, mean flow velocity and critical flow velocity. The training and testing data are selected from the experimental data of several valuable references. Numerical tests indicate that MLP/BP model provide a better prediction of scour depth than RBF/OLS and ANFIS models as well as the previous empirical approaches. Finally, sensitivity analysis shows that pier diameter has a greater influence on equilibrium scour depth than the other independent parameters. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
  6. Keywords:
  7. Backpropagation algorithms ; Bridge piers ; Data structures ; Database systems ; Fuzzy inference ; Fuzzy sets ; Least squares approximations ; Sensitivity analysis ; Critical flow velocity ; Pier structures ; Scour depths ; Neural networks
  8. Source: Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence ; Volume 20, Issue 3 , 2007 , Pages 401-414 ; 09521976 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0952197606001230