The electrocatalytic examination of cephalosporins at carbon paste electrode modified with CoSalophen

Jamasbi, E. S ; Sharif University of Technology | 2007

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.talanta.2006.07.058
  3. Publisher: Elsevier , 2007
  4. Abstract:
  5. The electrocatalytic oxidation of cephalexin and cefazolin has been studied at a carbon paste electrode modified with cobalt salophen (CoSal) by cyclic voltammetry. The selectivity of the carbon paste modified with CoSal in detecting cephalexin and cefazolin was examined. To suggest the electrocatalytic mechanism for electro-oxidation of cefazolin, the electrochemical behavior of ceftriaxone was investigated which has a thiol group out of the beta lactam ring. The electrocatalytic oxidation of these antibiotics is shown to be irreversible at the CoSal modified electrode. Scan rate dependence of cefazolin, which is a sulfur-containing compound, has been examined. The results indicated that the electrocatalytic oxidation of the compounds is diffusion controlled. The responses of the modified electrode were compared with those of unmodified electrode and it has shown that the modified electrode has better sensitivity than unmodified electrode to the detection of cefazolin. The overall number of electrons contributed to the oxidation of cefazolin is obtained 1 by chronoamperometry; the number of electron involved in the rate-determining step was 1. The results of differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) using the modified electrode with high sensitivity were applied for the determination of cefazolin in human synthetic serum samples. The linear range was obtained from 1 × 10-5 to 1 × 10-3 M for DPV determination of cefazolin in buffered solutions (pH 3.0). © 2006
  6. Keywords:
  7. Cyclic voltammetry ; Electrochemistry ; Electrodes ; Oxidation ; Sensitivity analysis ; Carbon paste electrodes ; Cephalosporins ; Chronoamperometry ; Cobalt salophen ; Differential pulse voltammetry ; Modified electrodes ; Antibiotics
  8. Source: Talanta ; Volume 71, Issue 4 , 2007 , Pages 1669-1674 ; 00399140 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0039914006005649