Bacterial leaching of low-grade ZnS concentrate using indigenous mesophilic and thermophilic strains

Mousavi, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology | 2007

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.hydromet.2006.08.003
  3. Publisher: 2007
  4. Abstract:
  5. In this study low-grade sphalerite has been treated by the bioleaching process using native cultures of Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans and Sulfobacillus thermosulfido-oxidans in order to determine the ability of these bacteria to the leaching of zinc. The effects of bacterial strain, pH, temperature, pulp density, iron precipitation, and initial concentration of ferric iron on the zinc leaching were evaluated. The bioleaching experiments were carried out in shake flasks at pH 1.5, 180 rpm, 33 °C and 60 °C for mesophilic and thermophilic bacteria, respectively. Compared with the use of laboratory reference strains or control conditions, zinc recovery from the respective concentrate was greater when native isolates were employed. The experimental data show that the selection of the suitable pH and temperature during the bioleaching processes would be important. The results indicate that the increase in pulp density generates a decrease in the dissolved zinc concentration. The maximum zinc extraction reached was 87% using native thermophile S. thermosulfido-oxidans culture after 30 days. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved
  6. Keywords:
  7. Bacteria ; Concentration (process) ; Extraction ; Leaching ; pH effects ; Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans ; Bioleaching process ; Mesophilic bacteria ; Thermophilic bacteria ; Zinc sulfide
  8. Source: Hydrometallurgy ; Volume 85, Issue 1 , 2007 , Pages 59-65 ; 0304386X (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304386X06002088