Zinc extraction from Iranian low-grade complex zinc-lead ore by two native microorganisms: Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans and Sulfobacillus

Mousavi, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology | 2006

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.minpro.2006.05.001
  3. Publisher: 2006
  4. Abstract:
  5. A mesophilic iron oxidizing bacterium, Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans, has been isolated (33 °C) from a typical, chalcopyrite concentrate of the Sarcheshmeh copper mine in the region of Kerman located in the south of Iran. In addition, a thermophilic iron oxidizing bacterium, Sulfobacillus, has been isolated (60 °C) from the sphalerite concentrate of Kooshk lead and zinc mine near the city of Yazd in the center point of Iran. Variation of pH, ferrous and ferric concentration on time and effects of some factors such as temperature, cell growth, initial ferrous concentration and pH on bioleaching of low-grade complex zinc-lead ore were investigated. The results obtained from bioleaching experiments indicate that the efficiency of zinc extraction is dependent on all of the mentioned variables; especially the temperature and initial Fe(II) concentration have more effect than other factors for these microorganisms. In addition, results show that the maximum zinc recovery was achieved using a thermophilic culture. Zinc dissolution reached 58% with Sulfobacillus while it was 51% with A. ferrooxidans at pH = 1.5, initial Fe(II) concentration = 7 and 9 g/L for A. ferrooxidans and Sulfobacillus, respectively, after 30 days. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved
  6. Keywords:
  7. Bacteria ; Concentration (process) ; Copper mines ; Extraction ; Iron oxides ; pH effects ; Sulfide minerals ; Thermal effects ; Bioleaching ; Low-grade ore ; Zinc recovery ; Zinc ore treatment
  8. Source: International Journal of Mineral Processing ; Volume 80, Issue 2-4 , 2006 , Pages 238-243 ; 03017516 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0301751606000937