Synthesis and absorbency of gelatin-graft-poly(sodium acrylate-co- acrylamide) superabsorbent hydrogel with saltand pH-responsiveness properties

Pourjavadi, A ; Sharif University of Technology | 2006

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1515/epoly.2006.6.1.728
  3. Publisher: European Polymer Federation , 2006
  4. Abstract:
  5. In this article, we synthesize a novel gelatin-based superabsorbent hydrogel via graft copolymerization of mixtures of acrylic acid (AA) and acrylamide (AAm) onto gelatin backbones. The polymerization reaction was carried out in an aqueous medium and in the presence of ammonium persulfate (APS) as an initiator and N,N-methylene bisacrylamide (MBA) as a crosslinker. The hydrogel structures were confirmed by FTIR spectroscopy. The effect of grafting variables, i.e. concentration of MBA and APS, AA/AAm weight ratio, and reaction time and temperature, was systematically optimized to achieve a hydrogel with swelling capacity as high as possible. The swelling behavior of these absorbent polymers was also investigated in various salt solutions. Results indicated that the swelling capacity decreased with an increase in the ionic strength of the swelling medium. Furthermore, the swelling of superabsorbing hydrogels was examined in solutions with pH values ranging between 1.0 and 13.0. It showed a reversible pH-responsive behavior at pHs 2.0 and 7.0. This on-off switching behavior makes the synthesized hydrogels an excellent candidate for controlled delivery of bioactive agents. Finally, the swelling kinetics of the synthesized hydrogels with various particle sizes was preliminarily investigated
  6. Keywords:
  7. Acrylics ; Ammonium compounds ; Copolymerization ; Crosslinking ; Grafting (chemical) ; Hydrogels ; pH effects ; Synthesis (chemical) ; Ammonium persulfate (APS) ; Crosslinkers ; Methylene bisacrylamide (MBA) ; Superabsorbent hydrogel ; Graft copolymers
  8. Source: E-Polymers ; 2006 , Pages 1-15 ; 16187229 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1515/epoly.2006.6.1.728/html