Thermal control of the size and crystalline phase of CdS nanoparticles

Sedaghat, Z ; Sharif University of Technology | 2006

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/17/15/034
  3. Publisher: 2006
  4. Abstract:
  5. CdS nanoparticles were grown using CdSO4 and Na 2S2O3 as the precursors and thioglycerol (TG) as the capping agent. TG was shown to exhibit a catalytic role in the reaction and also acted as a capping agent. It was demonstrated that size growth is linearly related to the temperature of the reaction, i.e.the sizes can be controllably adjusted by temperature. The crystalline phase of the nanocrystals was also dependent on the temperature of growth: higher temperature favours the cubic phase. The pH also plays an important role in nanoparticle growth, as lower pH leads to a higher release rate of sulfur species. At pH as high as 10, the growth rate remains slow even at boiling temperature. This provides a way to controllably grow nanoparticles at high temperatures and/or control the nucleation growth processes. © IOP Publishing Ltd
  6. Keywords:
  7. Cadmium sulfide ; Catalysis ; Crystal growth ; Crystallization ; High temperature effects ; PH effects ; Capping agents ; Crystalline phase ; Precursors ; Thioglycerol ; Nanostructured materials
  8. Source: Nanotechnology ; Volume 17, Issue 15 , 2006 , Pages 3812-3816 ; 09574484 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0957-4484/17/15/034