Modification of the GV-MSA model in obtaining the activity and osmotic coefficients of aqueous electrolyte solutions

Mortazavi Manesh, S ; Sharif University of Technology | 2006

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.fluid.2005.12.012
  3. Publisher: 2006
  4. Abstract:
  5. In this work a modified form of the Ghotbi-Vera Mean Spherical Approximation model (MGV-MSA) has been used to correlate the mean ionic activity coefficients (MIAC) for a number of symmetric and asymmetric aqueous electrolyte solutions at 25 °C. In the proposed model the hard sphere as well as the electrostatic contributions to the MIAC and the osmotic coefficient of the previously GV-MSA model has been modified. The results of the proposed model for the MIAC of the electrolyte solutions studied in this work are used to directly calculate the values of the osmotic coefficients without introducing any new adjustable parameter. In the MGV-MSA model the cation diameter as well as the relative permittivity of water depends on the electrolyte concentration. Having considered such dependency for both cation and relative permittivity for water in an electrolyte solution the modification of the GV-MSA has been made. It should be stated that in the MGV-MSA model the anion diameter in the solution similar to that in the GV-MSA model remains constant and independent of the electrolyte concentration. The results obtained from the proposed model have been favorably compared with those of the GV-MSA model. The results showed that the MGV-MSA model can more accurately correlate the MIAC of the single electrolyte solutions than those of the GV-MSA model. The same comparison has been observed in case of the osmotic coefficients for the electrolyte solutions studied in this work. It should be noted that in order to do an unequivocal comparison between the results obtained from the models used in this work the same minimization procedure and the same experimental data for the MIAC and the osmotic coefficients have been used. Also it should be mentioned that in the MGV-MSA model the conversion from the McMillan-Mayer (MM) framework to that of the Lewis-Randall (LR) has been performed. It has been concluded that such transformation can affect the results in particular at higher electrolyte concentrations. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved
  6. Keywords:
  7. Electrolyte solutions ; Hard sphere ; Ionic activity coefficient ; Mean spherical approximation ; Osmotic coefficient ; Approximation theory ; Concentration (process) ; Electrolytes ; Mathematical models ; Osmosis ; Positive ions ; Solutions
  8. Source: Fluid Phase Equilibria ; Volume 240, Issue 2 , 2006 , Pages 167-172 ; 03783812 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037838120500508X