Elaborating Religious Guidelines for Technological Development

Ravanbakhsh, Rostam | 2020

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  1. Type of Document: Ph.D. Dissertation
  2. Language: Farsi
  3. Document No: 54460 (42)
  4. University: Sharif University of Technology
  5. Department: Philosophy of Science
  6. Advisor(s): Taqavi, Mostafa
  7. Abstract:
  8. Some philosophers and thinkers have made serious criticisms of modern technology, considering it the cause of major problems. These critiques and problems have motivated some philosophers to think of alternatives for technology. Andrew Feenberg, one of the scholars seeking alternatives for technology, argues that the modern technical system is derived from the values of capitalism and serves a select few. As a diagnosis, Feenberg considers the capitalistic values to be the root of modern technological crises and as a prescription, he recommends a “democratic technological design system”. Feenberg has proposed no criteria for evaluating the values that could be incorporated into the “democratic technological design system”. In the present thesis, we seek to examine the values and norms of technology development from the perspective of religion.To this end, we have considered four stages, and each stage will be presented in one chapter. In the first chapter, we examine the concept of technology and its relationship with values and norms, and at the end of the chapter, we explain what we mean by religious technology. In the second chapter, we discuss the ideas and theories of Feenberg as a scholar seeking to present an alternative for technology. In the third chapter, we discuss the ideas of contemporary Muslim thinkers regarding technology and try to present a summary of the ideas regarding technology in Islam. Furthermore, we address the issue of technological volition and try to answer the following question: “From the viewpoint of Muslim scholars, what is the purpose of technological development?” In the fourth chapter, we attempt to explain the Quranic guidelines for technological development. To this end, first, we explain the five maxims that, according to Mario Bunge, guide technological ethics in the modern era, and then by referring to the Quranic verses and concepts, we present one Quranic maxim for each of these five maxims
  9. Keywords:
  10. Religious Technology ; Technology Development ; Alternative Technology ; Andrew Feenberg

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