Investigation into the effect of substrate material on microstructure and optical properties of thin films deposited via magnetron sputtering technique

Mashaiekhy Asl, J ; Sharif University of Technology | 2021

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2021.11.170
  3. Publisher: Elsevier Ltd , 2021
  4. Abstract:
  5. This study aims at investigating the effect of the substrate material on growth mechanism and also microstructure of Ta2O5 thin films. For this purpose, atomic force microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and interferometry analyses were implemented to reveal the influence of silicon wafer and amorphous BK7 glass substrates on the nucleation and growth mechanisms of Ta2O5 thin films deposited via the radio frequency magnetron sputtering technique. Results indicated that those films with finer morphologies had relatively higher nucleation densities. Compared with BK7 glass substrate, crystals formed on the silicon wafer were shown to be finer and had lower mean areas in more nucleation sites. Moreover, optical properties and morphological characteristics of the films on the silicon substrates had much more endurance after the annealing treatment. It was observed that shift in the transmission spectra of the deposited films after the treatment was insignificant, implying high packing density of the films. However, a 6-nm shift in the transmission spectra indicated low density and high porosity of the films. Finally, atomic force microscopy analysis along with the light scattering measurements confirmed the formation of a low-roughness film on the silicon wafer substrates. © 2021 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l
  6. Keywords:
  7. Thin film growth ; Ta2O5 BK7 glass ; Silicon wafer ; RF magnetron sputtering nucleation
  8. Source: Ceramics International ; 2021 ; 02728842 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0272884221035914