Objective measurement of inferior-directed stiffness in glenohumeral joint using a specially designed robotic device in healthy shoulders; within- and between-session reliability

Azarsa, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology | 2021

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2021.110663
  3. Publisher: Elsevier Ltd , 2021
  4. Abstract:
  5. Clinical assessment of capsuloligamentous structures of the glenohumeral joint has been qualitative and subjective in nature, as demonstrated by limited intra- and inter-rater reliability. Robotic devices were utilized to develop a clinically objective measurement technique for glenohumeral joint stiffness. The purpose of this study was to quantify the amount of inferior-direction stiffness of the glenohumeral joint using a safe clinical device in the asymptomatic individuals, and to determine between trial and between session reliability of the robotic device. Twenty healthy subjects were recruited via convenience sampling. Inferior-directed translation and applying force were measured using displacement and force sensors of a robotic device. The stiffness values were calculated as the mean of the slopes of the linear portions of the force–displacement curves for the cycles obtained after familiarization and preconditioning. Four trials for each measurement occasion were averaged to determine the stiffness value for each subject in one session. Repeatability of glenohumeral joint stiffness measurements for between trials and between two sessions was determined using intraclass correlation values and standard error of the measurements. The mean stiffness value was 1.50 N/mm (±0.40) and 1.52 N/mm (±0.40), respectively. The robotic device for stiffness assessment was reliable for repeated measures of stiffness in one session, and between sessions with ICC equal 0.96 (95% CI 0.93–0.98), and 0.97 (95% CI 0.95–0.99), respectively. The SEM between the trials was in each session 0.08 N/mm. The results of this study provide that our robotic technique for quantifying glenohumeral joint stiffness is precise and reproducible. © 2021
  6. Keywords:
  7. Reliability ; Robotics ; Arthrokinematic ; Clinical assessments ; Gleno-humeral joints ; Interrater reliability ; Joint stiffness ; Measurements of ; Objective measurement ; Objective measurement techniques ; Robotic devices ; Stiffness values ; Stiffness ; Biomechanics ; Human ; Reproducibility ; Robot assisted surgery ; Biomechanical Phenomena ; Humans ; Reproducibility of Results ; Robotic Surgical Procedures ; Shoulder ; Shoulder Joint
  8. Source: Journal of Biomechanics ; Volume 127 , 2021 ; 00219290 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0021929021004322