Bacteria cell hydrophobicity and interfacial properties relationships: A new MEOR approach

Ganji Azad, E ; Sharif University of Technology | 2021

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.3390/colloids5040049
  3. Publisher: MDPI , 2021
  4. Abstract:
  5. For microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR), different mechanisms have been introduced. In some of these papers, the phenomena and mechanisms related to biosurfactants produced by certain microorganisms were discussed, while others studied the direct impacts of the properties of microorganisms on the related mechanisms. However, there are only very few papers dealing with the direct impacts of microorganisms on interfacial properties. In the present work, the interfacial properties of three bacteria MJ02 (Bacillus Subtilis type), MJ03 (Pseudomonas Aeruginosa type), and RAG1 (Acinetobacter Calcoaceticus type) with the hydrophobicity factors 2, 34, and 79% were studied, along with their direct impact on the water/heptane interfacial tension (IFT), dilational interfacial visco-elasticity, and emulsion stability. A relationship between the adsorption dynamics and IFT reduction with the hydrophobicity of the bacteria cells is found. The cells with highest hydrophobicity (79%) exhibit a very fast dynamic of adsorption and lead to relatively large interfacial elasticity values at short adsorption time. The maximum elasticity values (at the studied frequencies) are observed for bacteria cells with the intermediate hydrophobicity factor (34%); however, at longer adsorption times. The emulsification studies show that among the three bacteria, just RAG1 provides a good capability to stabilize crude oil in brine emulsions, which correlates with the observed fast dynamics of adsorption and high elasticity values at short times. The salinity of the aqueous phase is also discussed as an important factor for the emulsion formation and stabilization. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland
  6. Keywords:
  7. Diffusion and adsorption ; Dilational visco-elasticity ; Emulsion stability ; Hydrophobicity of bacteria cells ; Interfacial properties ; Microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR) ; Salinity effects
  8. Source: Colloids and Interfaces ; Volume 5, Issue 4 , 2021 ; 25045377 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2504-5377/5/4/49