Spinal segment ranges of motion, movement coordination, and three-dimensional kinematics during occupational activities in normal-weight and obese individuals

Ghasemi, M ; Sharif University of Technology | 2021

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2021.110539
  3. Publisher: Elsevier Ltd , 2021
  4. Abstract:
  5. Measurements of spinal segment ranges of motion (RoMs), movement coordination, and three-dimensional kinematics during occupational activities have implications in occupational/clinical biomechanics. Due to the large amount of adipose tissues, obese individuals may have different RoMs, lumbopelvic coordination, and kinematics than normal-weight ones. We aimed to measure/compare trunk, lumbar, and pelvis primary RoMs in all anatomical planes/directions, lumbopelvic ratios (lumbar to pelvis rotations at different trunk angles) in all anatomical planes/directions and three-dimensional spine kinematics during twelve symmetric/asymmetric statics load-handling activities in healthy normal-weight and obese individuals. Kinematics/motion data were collected from nine healthy young male normal-weight and nine age/height/sex matched obese individuals via a ten-camera Vicon motion capture system. Obese individuals had significantly smaller (p < 0.05) lumbar flexion (~9° in average) and larger pelvis right lateral bending (~5°) RoMs as well as smaller lumbopelvic ratios (~37%) in lateral bending and axial rotation movements as compared to normal-weight individuals. Moreover, the two groups had generally non-significant different segmental orientations (<20° and in most cases < 10°) in load-handling tasks that depended on the magnitude of load asymmetry angle (p < 0.05). Differences were larger for tasks performed near the floor, away from body, and at larger load asymmetry angles. Biomechanical models simulating pure lateral bending, axial rotation, or tasks involving large load asymmetry may therefore need subject-specific, rather than population-based, motion analysis due to the effects from body weight. In clinical applications, it should be noted that healthy obese individuals may have different RoMs and lumbopelvic rhythms than healthy normal-weight individuals in some anatomical planes/directions. © 2021 Elsevier Ltd
  6. Keywords:
  7. Biomechanics ; Ergonomics ; Lateral bending ; Load asymmetry ; Load-handling ; Lumbopelvic rhythm ; Movement coordination ; Plane directions ; Range-of-motion ; Spinal segments ; Spine ; Three-dimensional kinematics ; Kinematics ; Adult ; Age distribution ; Anatomical concepts ; Biomechanics ; Body height ; Body weight ; Clinical article ; Coordination ; Female ; Human ; Lumbar spine ; Male ; Movement (physiology) ; Musculoskeletal function ; Musculoskeletal system parameters ; Obesity ; Occupation ; Pelvis ; Physical activity ; Range of motion ; Sex difference ; Spine ; Task performance ; Trunk ; Biomechanics ; Joint characteristics and functions ; Lumbar vertebra ; Obesity ; Biomechanical Phenomena ; Humans ; Lumbar Vertebrae ; Male ; Movement ; Obesity ; Range of Motion, Articular ; Spine
  8. Source: Journal of Biomechanics ; Volume 123 , 2021 ; 00219290 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0021929021003201