Bioprinting a thick and cell-laden partially oxidized alginate-gelatin scaffold with embedded micro-channels as future soft tissue platform

Khalighi, S ; Sharif University of Technology | 2021

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2021.11.046
  3. Publisher: Elsevier B.V , 2021
  4. Abstract:
  5. Despite all the advancements in tissue engineering, one of the unsolved challenges is the mass transfer limitation. Therefore, the subject of pre-vascularization in the engineered tissues gets more attention to avoid necrotic core formation. In this study, we considered a design for interconnected channels with a muscle tissue-like structure, in silico and in vitro. A sequence of simple steps make it possible for us to use the same material, gelatin, as both a sacrificial material and one of the main components of the scaffold simultaneously. We defined a new approach to quantify the repeatability of a new combination of hydrogels (Partially Oxidized Alginate + Gelatin) for extrusion-based bioprinting. Additionally, the mechanical properties, hydrogel porosity, degradation time, and swelling ratio were also evaluated. Based on all these test results, the scaffold with the optimum properties was chosen for the bioprinting of adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) in the scaffolds with and without the channels. This bioprinted scaffold with microchannels showed promising mimicry of the microenvironment, leading to higher survival and proliferation rates of the cells by up to 250%. Based on these results, it has the potential to serve as a platform for further research in vascularization, healthy/disease modelling, and stem cell differentiation. © 2021 Elsevier B.V
  6. Keywords:
  7. Bioprinter ; Proliferation ; ADMSCs viability ; Microchannel ; Thick scaffold
  8. Source: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules ; Volume 193 , 2021 , Pages 2153-2164 ; 01418130 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0141813021024442